When we provide first aid we must always ask for permission to help, and if someone is unconscious ask anyway and then assume you have permission, we call this “implied permission”.
Cycle accidents can happen anywhere, on roads, pavements, parks any open ground, forests and wooded area, and on all weathers. They can involve one or more casualties.
What to do as first aider – one casualty
If you witness a cycle accident here are some initial first steps:-
- Take a few seconds to observe what you see and hear.
- Make sure that you are not in danger of becoming injured or hurt yourself
- If you decide it is safe to do so, approach the injured person.
- Ask them if you can help
- Do not move the injured person, unless they are in immediate danger
- If they are unconscious or unresponsive, look for any serious bleeding, which you will need to apply direct pressure on. Check to see if they are breathing., If they are, they need to be placed in the recovery position.
- If they are not breathing and you are alone, call the emergency services on 999 or 112, give your location and brief details of the incident and then you will need to commence CPR, the emergency services can help you to do this. Don’t stop CPR until the emergency services arrive and ask to take over.
- If you casualty is responsive, but appears dazed or confused or does not remember what happened, and/or of their cycle helmet is damaged, ask them not to move in case of any spinal injury or concussion and ask them if and where they are hurt and have pain.
- If appropriate or if in doubt call the emergency services on 999 or 112 and ask for help and advice.
- Whilst you wait for emergency services to arrive reassure the casualty and also ask them what happened, and allergies , medication,